Prevention of Corruption Act
Enacted on 17 June 1960, the Prevention of Corruption Act (PCA) is the primary anti-corruption law in Singapore. The PCA empowers the CPIB, and governs and defines corruption and their punishments.
Under the PCA, it is an offence for a person to:
• Corruptly solicit, receive, or agree to receive for himself or any other person; or
• Corruptly give, promise or offer to any person whether for the benefit of that person or of another person,
any gratification as an inducement to or reward for:
• Any person doing or forbearing to do anything in respect of any matter or transaction whatsoever, actual or proposed; or
• Any member, officer or servant of a public body doing or forbearing to do anything in respect of any matter or transaction whatsoever, actual or proposed, in which such public body is concerned.
It is also an offence under the PCA for an agent to corruptly accept or obtain any gratification in relation to his principal’s affairs, for a person to seek to corruptly influence an agent, or for an agent to deceive his principal by way of a false document.
The PCA creates a presumption of corruption where any gratification is proved to have been given to or received by a person in the employment of the Government of Singapore or of a public body. The burden of proof to rebut the presumption lies with the accused.
Under Section 37 of the PCA, the Act has extra-territorial powers over a Singapore citizen to deal with corrupt acts outside Singapore as though it were committed in Singapore. Non-citizens may be investigated and prosecuted in Singapore if they abet the commission of a corruption offence related to Singapore.
Punishment and Penalties
Any person found guilty of an offence shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $100,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years or to both.
If it is proven that any matter or transaction is in relation to contract or a proposal for a contract with the government, the punishment would be a fine of $100,000 or imprisonment not exceeding 7 years or to both.
Click here to read the full Act.